Hong Kong Geopark is made up of eight Geo-Areas distributed across the Sai Kung Volcanic Rock Region and Northeast New Territories Sedimentary Rock Region

Devil's Fist at Bluff Head

Double Heaven

Geo History of Hong Kong

Hong Kong,a region in the southernmost corner of China, is part of the southeastern Pearl River estuary, neighbouring to Mount Nanling in the north and South China Sea in the south. Local topography is hilly and contains scattered coastal plains. The Hong Kong SAR comprises  of  Kowloon Peninsula, Hong Kong Island,the New Territories connected to Mainland China, Lantau Island and more than 200 other outlying islands. Approximate total land area is 1,104 square kilometres.

Hong Kong has a myriad of landforms. The sinuous,long  coastline is well known geological natural gallery, featuring spectacular landscapes and rock formations shaped by weathering and sea waves. Here, one finds wave-cut sea caves, sea cliffs, sea geos, arches, blowholes and notches. Lying alongside with them are alluvial plains,beaches and mudflats which have come about  beacuse of millions of years of  proper sedimentation.A variety of weathering characteristics are showcased in Inland areas. Terrain features arising from chemical,physical or biological weathering effects are prominent across valleys and peaks, escarpments and ravines.

Timeline of Hong Kong’s geological changes:

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Geo Areas

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A geopark is a unique natural area with very special geological significance and vast amount of natural and cultural landscapes,.They help us in education,conservation,and sustained development.

Geoparks can help conserving the widely unique landforms here in Hong Kong, by saving the environment that provides natural habitat to many living things. Therefore the geopark was established to promote  rock conservation and landform for the sake of the world.

Geoparks meeting required conditions are approved as national and global.In 2012, China had 183 national geoparks of which 29 listed as global.They have 29 out of 100 on their country alone. We have faith that the Hong Kong Global Geopark will help us in realization for nature conservation both locally and on global scale and will be a focal point for further action by the  interested parties and the government.

As part of China,Hong Kong Global Geopark, will thrive to display  its natural conservation results to the world which people of Hong Kong are proud of. The international image of Hong Kong does not have to be a metropolis with big buildings all around but can also be a natural and healthy international green spot.

National Geoparks of China


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China is highly rich in geological resources and its geoparks have been both expanding and developing rapidly.Currently there are 241 national geoparks established in seven batches beginning from 2001. To become a National Geopark of China, a geopark has must comply with a comprehensive set of regulations and requirements. Candidate geoparks are assessed precisely by professionals from the government. Successful candidates are designated National Geoparks.


Global Geoparks of China

Huangshan Geopark
Mount Lushan Geopark
Yuntaishan Geopark
Stone Forest Geopark
Danxiashan Geopark
Zhangjiajie Sandstone Peak
Forest Geopark
Wudalianchi Geopark
Songshan Geopark
Yandangshan Geopark
Taining Geopark
Hexigten Geopark
(Inner Mongolia)
Xingwen Geopark
Mount Taishan Geopark
Wangwushan-Daimeishan Geopark
Leiqiong Geopark
(Guangdong, Hainan)
Fangshan Geopark
(Beijing, Heibei)
Jingpohu Geopark
Funiushan Geopark
Longhushan Geopark
Zigong Geopark
Qinling Geopark
Alxa Geopark
(Inner Mongolia)
Leye-Fengshan Geopark
Ningde Geopark
Tianzhushan Geopark
Sanqingshan Global Geopark
Hong Kong Global Geopark
(Hong Kong)
Sennongjia Geopark
Yanqing Geopark



Hong Kong’s modern city landscape isn’t just made of buildings,among it has its own natural greenland.About 40 percent of its lands are designated as  green preservation areas.In addition to serving as a natural habitat for its own myriad wildlife, this unique countryside is also home to the world famous geological attractions and rock formations . These sites are in close range to the city,its easier for  visitors to reach them for a educational and  enjoying outdoor experience.


In 2009, Hong Kong Geopark became listed a National Geopark .Later in 2011  it was accepted as a member of the Global Geoparks Network (GGN) and renamed as ‘Hong Kong Global Geopark of China’.